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C++ Exceptions

So I am going to post a pretty well know example in programming on the classic divide by zero issue.

#include <iostream>
#include <string>

using namespace std;

class DivideZeroException{
    string message;
    DivideZeroException(const string& message);
    string getMessage() const;


DivideZeroException::DivideZeroException(const string &message){
    this->message = message;

string DivideZeroException::getMessage() const{
    return this->getMessage();

class Math{
    static double Divide(double number, double divisor);

double Math::Divide(double number, double divisor){
    if(divisor == 0)
        throw DivideZeroException("You can not divide by zero");
    return number / divisor;

int main(){

    int number = 10;
    int divisor = 0;


        double result = Math::Divide(number,divisor);
        cout << "Result: " << result << endl;

    }catch(DivideZeroException& exception){
        cout << exception.getMessage() << endl;

    return 0;

You can see that we throw an exception when the divisor == 0 and catch it in the calling code. The golden rule in C++ exception handling vs C# is that you throw by value and catch by reference. Why? When the stack is unwinding if you use a reference to a stack variable it will not be able to be referenced and if you throw by pointer then you have to deallocate memory in the catch blocks.


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